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REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
Guidelines in Citing Related Literature and Studies
A. Characteristics of the Materials Cited
The following are the characteristics of related literature and studies that should be cited: (Repeated for emphasis)
1. The materials must be as recent as possible. This is important because of the rapid social, political, scientific, and technological changes. Discoveries in historical and archaeological research have also changed some historical facts. Researchers in education and psychology are also making great strides. So, finding fifteen years ago may have little value today unless the study is a comparative inquiry about the past and the present. Mathematical and statistical procedures, h…
The limitations and delimitations sections of your research proposal describe situations and circumstances that may affect or restrict your methods and analysis of research data.
Limitationsare influences that the researcher cannot control. They are the shortcomings, conditions or influences that cannot be controlled by the researcher that place restrictions on your methodology and conclusions. Any limitations that might influence the results should be mentioned.
When considering what limitations there might be in your investigation, be thorough. Consider all of the following:
- your analysis.
- the nature of self-reporting.
- the instruments you utilized.
- the sample.
- time constraints.
Inqualitative research certain limitations might mean that the findings cannot be generalized to the larger population. This is especially true when the definition of the population is broad (ex: elderly women)
Delimitationsare choices made by the researcher which should be mentioned. They describe the boundaries that you have set for the study. This is the place to explain:
- the things that you are not doing (and why you have chosen not to do them).
- the literature you will not review (and why not).
- the population you are not studying (and why not).
- the methodological procedures you will not use (and why you will not use them).
Limit your delimitations to the things that a reader might reasonably expect you to do but that you, for clearly explained reasons, have decided not to do.
Delimitations define the parameters of the investigation. In educational research the delimitations will frequently deal with such items as population/sample, treatment(s), setting, and instrumentation.
As you complete the limitations and delimitations sections on your planning guide, you may want to go back to the Sample Proposals page of this web site, as well as your Reflection: Reviewing Sample Proposals journal for ideas, before you begin writing your own.
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