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Hamlet Essays Lies And Deception

Claudius lies to the entire state of Denmark by killing King Hamlet.

Analysis: This lie and act of deceit is a secret at the very beginning of the play since Claudius says King Hamlet died because of a snake bite. However, the ghost of the late King Hamlet informs Hamlet, and the audience, about the true cause of the king’s death.

Claudius lies to Gertrude and Hamlet by ordering Hamlet’s death when Hamlet is to go to England.“The present death of Hamlet. Do it, England” (4.3.65)

Analysis: Gertrude and Hamlet were both under the impression that Claudius was sending Hamlet away to protect him from any harm he may face with after the murder of Polonius. However, since Claudius was actually sending him away to have him murdered, he lies to both Gertrude and Hamlet.

Hamlet deceives both Rosencrantz and Guildenstern when he orders their death in the letter.“He should those bearers put to sudden death/ Not-shriving time allow’d” (5.2.46-47)

Analysis: Hamlet reads the letter by Claudius which demands Hamlet’s death once in England and changes his name to those of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. In this act he is deceiving Rosencrantz and Guildenstern by ordering their death in England.

Claudius lies to Gertrude when he teams up with Laertes to develop a plan for Hamlet’s murder. He lies to Gertrude again when she returns to inform them about Ophelia’s death by saying he was calming Laertes down. “How much I had to do to calm his rage/ Now I fear this will give it start again” (4.7.193-194)

Analysis: Gertrude is under the impression Claudius is helping Laertes overcome his grief; however, she is unaware of the fact Claudius is actually plotting Hamlet’s murder. When she returns with the news of Ophelia’s death, Claudius states he fears Laertes’ rage will commence once again.

Hamlet deceives Ophelia when he tells her he does not love and never loved her. “You should not have believ’d me, for virtue cannot/ so inoculate our old stock but we shall relish of it/ I lov’d you not” (3.1.117-119)

Analysis: Hamlet’s bold statement shocks Ophelia as she states she was deceived. Hamlet admits to his love for Ophelia after hearing of her death; however, it is still debatable whether or not Hamlet truly loved Ophelia.

Hamlet deceives the entire state of Denmark by acting mad so that nobody suspects him for avenging his father’s death. “How strange or odd soe’er I bear myself/ As I perchance hereafter think shall meet/ To put antic disposition an on” (1.5.169-171)

Analysis: In this passage Hamlet says to Horatio he states that he will be acting mad shortly in the future. This proves to be true as Hamlet begins to act mad shortly after and is apparent to others he is mad due to his responses. Hamlet is acting mad so that he can kill Claudius without others being suspicious of the murder, blaming the murder on his madness.

Laertes deceives Hamlet by creating a plan to murder him.

Analysis: After hearing about Polonius’ death, Laertes was determine to seek revenge and thus, with the help of Claudius created a plan to kill Hamlet. Even after Hamlet’s apology before the battle, Laertes does not inform Hamlet of the poison on the sword, deceiving him once again.

Polonius deceives Hamlet by using Ophelia’s love to find out the cause of Hamlet’s madness. “Gracious, so please you/ we will bestow ourselves. (to Ophelia) Read on this book/ That show of such an exercise may colour/ Show your lonliness” (3.1.43-46)

Analysis: Polonius instructs Ophelia to converse with Hamlet so that he and Claudius can figure out the reason behind Hamlet’s madness. Polonius wants to determine whether Hamlet’s madness is caused by affection towards Ophelia. Since Polonius is tricking Hamlet, this is an act of deceit.

The play called The Murder of Gonzago deceives both Gertrude and Claudius it portrays their lives. “For I mine eyes will rivet to his face/ And after we will both our judgments join/ In censure of his seeming” (3.2.87-89)

Analysis: Although in the play Hamlet also portrays a character similar to his mother, the play is meant to target Claudius more specifically because Hamlet wishes to determine whether Claudius was actually guilty or if the ghost was just sent by the devil. This is deceit since Hamlet is trapping Claudius and creating a play on the crime he has committed.

Free Hamlet Essays: Use of Deception in Hamlet

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Use of Deception in Hamlet  

Hamlet is a play by William Shakespeare about a prince named Hamlet who was spoken to by the ghost of his dead father telling Hamlet to kill his uncle Claudius (the new king) because Claudius killed him. The story revolves around Hamlet's dillema of how to kill his uncle while being deceptive enough so that no one finds out about the ghost. This essay will prove how deception is often used in Hamlet for many reasons. Claudius uses deception to protect himself from being prosecuted for his crime of killing the King. No one knows what the deal is with Gertrude because she deceives everybody by keeping to herself all the time keeping everyone from knowing anything. By using quotes from the book I will prove how these two (Claudius and Gertrude) and among a few others , use deception for different reasons and in different ways. A lot of the times it is to protect someone, or themselvs because they believe that the truth will hurt more than their lies.

Claudius decieves everyone in different ways and at different times , always and only to protect himself from everyone else finding out that he killed the king. We can't truly say that he deceived Gertrude or not because we still don't know if she knows about Claudius killing the king or not because that is part of her own deception , but we know that he deceived the people and Hamlet himself (before he talks to the ghost). This next quote comes from the ghost of the king convicting Claudius of the murder ,"If thou didst ever thy dear father love- revenge his foul and most unnatural murder(p.57, act1,scene5 ,lines29-31). This quote proves that Claudius actually did commit the murder. This next quote is from Claudius himself after the funeral and the wedding giving a speach about the death of the king and the whole deal with Fortinbras,"To our most valiant brother-so much for him(p.21, act1 ,scene2 ,line25)." This quote shows that Claudius obviously doesn't have much remorse for his dead brother and might be covering up the fact that he killed him. And we all know what that means...What does it mean?! It means that he actually is the rat and is the evil one in the play.

Hamlet's deception , possibly the cruelest of all. Maybe even though Hamlet's deception was derived from Claudius's deception , it is the one that killed everybody.

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He tried to keep it a secret that he knew that Claudius killed his father. For that he killed Polonius. For that he killed Laertes when Claudius made them fight, and for that he told Ophelia that he hated her because he knew that Claudius and Polonius were watching which resulted in her drowning herself. This quote comes from the part of the book when Hamlet is confiding in Horatio with his last words in his final moments. He openly admits that he knows everything to someone , another human being and for him to tell the world the tragic story of Denmark. He tells Horatio this because everyone who would be hurt by the secrets is already dead. "On Fortinbras; he has my dying voice. So tell him , with th' occurents , more or less , which have solicited-the rest is silence (p.283, act5, scene2, lines393-395)." This quote proves that Hamlet kept secrets and deceived everyone by doing so, which resulted in everyone dying because they didn't know the truth. And after all that has conspired here, it is still hard to say who's fault it really is.

Now for Queen Gertrude's deception. I now choose her because her deception was quite a mysterious one. No one can say for sure whether or not she was in on the death of king Hamlet because Shakespeare never actually writes it out , but there is the fact that she did end up marrying Claudius. She might have married Claudius because she was in on the deal to kill her late husband with him , but then again she might have married him because (even thoug it's hard to believe because he's such a rat) she loves him. Now Hamlet does try to accuse her of it and get her to confess , but she still denies it , and we still don't know. This next quote is from Hamlet when he tries to question her."You are the Queen , your husband's brother's wife (p.171, act3, scene4, line20)..." This quote shows that there is suspicion that she was in on the deal , but there is not enough evidence to convict her of anything.

I tend to believe from the evidence exhibited in this essay that many people in this play deceive many other people and the reason for the most part ,when you get right down to it , is to protect themselves and on occasion to protect someone else. Yet for the most part it is a selfish and greedy act. Deception is what keeps people from knowing the truth , it's what killed Ophelia, it's what drove Hamlet mad ,and it's what gives the ghost grief because everyone whom he loved just died. And then there is the fact of slight guilt because the ghost knows deep down inside that it is all his fault for wanting revenge so badly that he would do whatever to get it.