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Ferlin Clark Dissertation Sample

LaTeX Template

The original LaTeX thesis template files were developed by Dorothea F. Brosius in 2004 as a result of several requests from graduate students writing their dissertations.   The template currently in use was updated by D. Brosius in August 2017. The software used for Windows-based PC's is Miktex with WinEdt; Apple users can use Texshop.  Although the sample documents were based on parts of the thesis of Bhaskar Khubchandani, who received his Ph.D. from the University of Maryland, College Park in the Spring of 2004, the template has been updated and follows "The University of Maryland Electronic Thesis and Dissertation (ETD) Style Guide" (pdf). Please note, that the current style guide is presently being updated by the Graduate School.   In addition, the Table of Contents, the List of Figures, the List of Tables, and the Bibliography are now single-spaced; the main text is double-spaced. 

The current mainthesis.tex uses the hyperref package which links items in your Table of Contents, List of Figures, and List of Tables to corresponding sections in your thesis.   The links will show in blue when you save your thesis as a pdf file.    I use Miktex and typeset my document using pdflatex, bib, pdflatex, pdflatex.   My figures are usually pdf files; if you use eps files, add \usepackage{epstopdf} to your preamble.

Please email if you are actually using the LaTeX template (for my records) and also if you have any problems when submitting your thesis to the Graduate School (margins, indentations, etc.) so adjustments can be made to the template.

All of the files needed for your dissertation can be found in "LatexThesisFiles-2017.7z". All of the files should be placed in the folder with your thesis files. Thesis.cls should not be changed. Mainthesis.tex should not be changed unless you include tables in your thesis, in which case you should delete the % sign on the listoftables line and the newpage line.     Chapter 1 has several tips for inserting tables, figures, theorems, landscape material, and adding your bibliography (using bibtex and natbib). 

Insert your own text and figures in the following files: abstract.tex, titlepage.tex, copyright.tex, acknowledgements.tex, dedication.tex, foreword.tex, chapter1.tex, chapter2.tex, etc., appendix.tex, and bibliography.tex. I have included Bhaskar's .eps files from Chapter 2. If you pdf the files as they are, you can see exactly how a thesis using this template will look. The information in Chapter 2 and the Appendix is identical; I simply copied the text to show the difference between the numbering in a chapter and an appendix.

These files contain examples of several types of displayed equations (including arrays), as well as enumerated lists, theorems, axioms, references, tables, and displayed figures.

Please note that you must Latex "mainthesis.tex" twice so the references will be properly shown in the dvi file. The dvi file must be changed to a pdf file before it can be submitted to the Graduate Office.

I hope these files will be useful to you. If you need additional assistance or if this information is unclear, please contact Dottie Brosius at dbrosius at or 301-405-4955.

LaTeX "How To" Documents

Thanks to Ryan Clary, Ph.D., 2009, for finding this 13-page document on the web explaining several features of LaTex: "LaTex--A Typesetting Program".

Another resource, recommended by Dr. Nicholas Mecholsky, Ph.D., 2010, is "The Not So Short Introduction to LaTex 2ε" (pdf), by Tobias Oetiker, et al.

Using Bibtex

Using Bibtex with LaTeX documents is not difficult. The bulk of the work is organizing your Bibtex file, which is a data base compiled by you of the articles, books, etc. which you use in the bibliographies or reference sections of your publications. The file BibtexSamples.tex contains examples of information needed for the different types of references you may wish to use (e.g., articles in refereed journals, books, uinpublished articles, conference proceedings).

Please read the file "bibtex-instructions.pdf". The first two pages explain how to set up and run Bibtex; the remaining pages were taken from a published article and show how the references were cited in the .tex file. The files bibtex-instructions.tex, galactic.bib, and bibtex-samples.tex are the original .tex files used with bibtex-instructions.pdf. The files diorio.bib and griem-bibtex.bib will be helpful when you are using Bibtex.

Using NatBib

Another option of citing references in the bibliography is using Natbib instead of Bibtex. You must still create a bibtex file, as noted above. The command "\cite" cannot be used with natbib; instead "\citet" and "\citep" must be used. "\citet" is used to show references in the text (e.g., Eq.\ 8 in Reiser,1996 shows ...); "\citep" is used in the parenthetical (e.g., Eq.\ 8 (Reiser, 1996) shows ...).

Add the following to the preamble of your mainthesis.tex file -- \usepackage[option]{natbib}.   A list of options to be used with Natbib can be found at

At the bottom of the mainthesis.tex file add:
\bibliography{name of your bibtex file}
\bibliographystyle{plainnat, abbrnat, or unsrtnat} (I usually use unsrtnat)

I use Miktex and typeset my document using pdflatex, bib, pdflatex, pdflatex.

MS Word Template and Instructions

The Thesis and Dissertation Templates for MS Word and the Template Instructions may be downloaded from the Graduate School's website.

APS Physical Review Style and Notation Guide

The following style guide may be downloaded from The American Physical Society: Physical Review Style and Notation Guide (pdf), published by The American Physical Society, compiled and edited by Anne Waldron, Peggy Judd, and Valerie Miller, February 1993. It may be old, but it is very useful.

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Do you know that feeling when you get home from a life-changing trip, and you try to share your experience with your family and friends, hoping they can somehow relate? How do you find the right words to describe all that you saw, and did, and felt?

Well, that’s how it was for me last spring when my classmates from Marin Waldorf School and I returned from an incredible 10-day Deer Hill field trip through the American Southwest. As we departed Deer Hill’s Basecamp for home, waving goodbye as we travelled down the bumpy gravel road, I still remember hearing a little voice inside myself saying this would not be the last time I would be in this beautiful place.

I imagined trying to tell my family about the trip. How could I describe the unique red rock formations we hiked around, and the rushing mud-colored waters of the San Juan River we rafted? How could they imagine this cozy little basecamp, with rustic buildings and delicious home-cooked meals surrounded by the cliffs below Mesa Verde? How to bring to life the ceremonies and warmth of our host family, Gwen and Ferlin Clark, at their Navajo homestead with its craggy red cliffs, fragrant green sage brush, and heavy clay soil that caked our hiking boots? There was no way to describe the tasty fry bread we ate there, after a day of working on their land. I remembered the Clark’s enthusiastic, sincere invitation to us all to return for a visit, if we were ever again near their part of the world. All of these wonderful memories and feelings were swirling inside of me.