Here in this essay, we have given sample essay and speech together so that you can use information from both sections interchangeably. You can also use this information for paragraph, article writing, anchoring script too. Here goes the essay, scroll down for speech part.
Essay on Republic day – 26 January
Consitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950 replacing 1935 Government of India Act, we celebrate 26 the January as republic day to honor the day. Constitution was adopted by Indian constituent assembly on 26th November 1949 (*1) and came into effect on 26 January 1950. From that day we become an independent republic (*2). Date 26 January was chosen because in 1930 on same day Indian national congress proclaimed Purna Swaraj (Declaration of Independence).
On 15th August 1947, India got its independence from British Raj. British India was divided into two new independent dominions of British Commonwealth. Though India was independent, George VI was India’s head of state of constitutional monarchy and Earl Mountbatten was the Governor General. At this time India didn’t have a permanent constitution, we were still using a modified version of Government of India Act, 1935.
Constitution drafting committee was appointed on 28 August 1947 with Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar as chairman. Committee submitted the first draft of the constitution to the assembly on 4 November 1947. The Assembly had several sessions in 166 days over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days. These sessions were open to the public. On 24 January 1950, 308 members of constitutional assembly signed two handwritten copies of constitution out of which one was in Hindi and other was the English language. Two days later on 26th January 1950 constitution came into effect and we become the Republic of India. Dr. Ambedkar who was chairman of drafting committee called as Chief Architect of India’s constitution.
We celebrate republic day across India from school to government offices and in private companies too. We decorate our home, office with tri-colored balloons, flags, rangolis. Some celebrate it as an in-house event and some with campaigns and programs. Indian school celebrates Republic day at school grounds/campus; arrange marches, have an essay, speech, painting competitions etc. Notable chief guest visit school/college premises for flag hoisting. The national anthem and song are played after flag hoisting. Guests, teachers give their speeches. Some school also arrange patriotic cultural programs.
The government of India celebrates the republic day at national capital New Delhi at Rajpath before President of India. On this day, the ceremonial parade takes place at Rajpath. Hundreds of people visit Rajpath to enjoy the presentation Indian culture, heritage, and defense capability. This celebration is broadcasted on Doordarshan, various news channels and nowadays on YouTube and Facebook too. President and prime minister of India address the whole nation.
India invites the head of different countries/states/governments as a guest on republic day. For the year 2018, India is inviting the head of state or government of all 10 ASEAN countries which are Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Consitution of India
It is the supreme law of India. It gives us a framework of fundamental political principals, establishes structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens. Constitution declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, assuring its citizens of justice, equality, and liberty, and endeavors to promote fraternity among them.
Constitution gives us Fundamental Rights and duties too. Right to Freedom, Equality, Freedom of Religion, Culture and education, constitution remedies are our 6 fundamental rights.
The Fundamental Duties obligate all citizens to respect the national symbols of India, including the Constitution, to cherish its heritage, preserve its composite culture and assist in its defense. They also obligate all Indians to promote the spirit of common brotherhood, protect the environment and public property, develop scientific temper, abjure violence, and strive towards excellence in all spheres of life. However, many of these are non-justifiable, without any legal sanction in case of their violation or non-compliance.
Extra Facts Related to Republic Day or 26 January
(*1)The first draft of the constitution of India was adopted 1949. We used to celebrate 26 November as Law Day but After 2015, 26 November will be celebrated as Constitution Day to spread the importance of constitution and Dr. Ambedkars thoughts.
(*2) A republic is a type of government which is not considered as “Private Property” but a “Public Matter”. Primary positions of power should not be inherited and should be chosen by election.
Above we have given an essay on republic day, there we have given a kind of factual information in essay format. You can make use of that content in your speech too. Definitely, you need to make some modification so that that content fits with speech emotion and tone.
Speech on Republic Day Of India – 26th January
A very Good morning to all. First of all, I would like to thank our inspiration principal mam for allowing me to take part in this speech competition. I would also like to thank Miss. Suvarna for helping me in the speech preparation.
Today I am not going to just recite facts about the day, but I will be talking about the importance of our constitution, our fundamental rights, and duties.
Today we are celebrating 69th republic day of India and I feel a little ashamed to know that thousands of my fellow Indians still don’t know the difference between India’s independence day and republic day. Are we taking the independence and freedom lightly? Thousands of freedom fighters martyred for this freedom, they sacrificed their families so that we, India’s next generation will not suffer the way they did. Is this is the India they dreamt of?
For those who don’t know the difference, India got its independence from cruel British Raj on 15th August 1947. Still, we were a dominion of the British Commonwealth. The great Dr. Babasaheb Amberdkar and his team took a mammoth challenge to draft India’s constitution. After grueling 2 years, India’s constitution was implemented on 26th January 1950. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was revered as the chief architect of the constitution. It is the longest constitution in the whole world. Did he saw the dream of this India where we still fight over castes? Aren’t we insulating this great personality and his sacrifice and struggle?
Constitution gave us fundamental rights, right to live, education, speech, privacy and more. Without the right to speech or express I, we could not able to give the speech here today. We fight, we complain about our constitutional rights, but I never saw anybody fighting for our constitutional duties. Those who are ignorant, I would like to tell them that constitution which gives us right also specifies our duties as a citizen. We are so ignorant that we don’t even know that we have constitutional duties and responsibilities too.
Note: check the list in essay section up and add it here in speech.
Today, one this auspicious event of 69th republic day I request all to read about our history and respect it. While protesting for our rights we should also fulfill national duties too.
Once again I would like to thank our principal madam for allowing me to speak my heart out. I would like to thank you all for listening to me.
Say with me.. Bharat Mata Ki….. Jay(Audience) (3 times).. Vande… Mataram(audience)… (3times)
Note: It will be great if you can make your audience cheer and end the speech on a high note.
Most of the speeches, essays will have above given content; but if you really want to set your essay or speech stand out in the crowd then you need to do something different. The Internet is full of such sample essays or speeches which talk similar things in this or that way. Here are few ways you can make your copy different.
Try to connect the currenttopics/ issues with the topic; e.g. Women Empowerment, Right to Privacy, Triple Talaq, Corruption, Black Money, Pollution etc.
Here we will try to give you some example how you can adopt such theme with main republic day speech or essay.
Women Empowerment Theme
We are a republic country and it gives us right to equality under article 14,15,16,17 and 18 of the constitution, which guarantees us that all people shall be equally protected by law irrespective of caste, creed, gender etc.
But still after 69 years of constitutional rights, we see women discrimination, still, our Indian society is not gender-equal. Girls are not sent to school, boys get more preference to education as they considered to run the family in future. At work, women with same qualification and work experience don’t get the same pay as men.
Society in general also treat women inferior to men, India still is a male chauvinist country. We need to change this. We all are equal and deserve to be treated, rewarded and paid equally. This is our constitutional right.
It is a good thing that women are taking initiatives, they are making strides in all fields now. But still, we find a big gap mainly in rural areas. We as a country, society should look forward and treat women equally.
On this auspicious day of 69 republic day, I want you all to take a pledge to treat women in your life and from society equally and respectfully. I have a dream in which I see an EQUAL INDIA in my lifetime. If we youth come together then only this is possible.
Freedom of Speech Theme
Constitution gave a fundamental right to speech and express but with limitations. It also gives us the freedom to assemble peacefully. We should be allowed exercising our rights in any shape or form. Same time we should not take advantage of it and cause a ruckus in society. Right to speech and expression say we should use this right with responsibility, protecting the interest of the sovereignty of India, security of the state, public order, decency, and morality.
We still here cases where movies are being banned, authors are being shamed, authorities arrest people for Facebook posts. This should not happen. We also should take care of the power of this right, we should respect reasonable limitations it imposes.
Constitution also gives us right to move, settle and trade anywhere in India. But we still see problems in Maharashtra, some political parties oppose migration from northern Indian states. Politician play with our fundamental constitutional rights. We, youth should oppose such irrational breach of our fundamental rights.
Here is the link from Wikipedia, where you can find more information. From above 2 examples, you might get an idea on how to adapt that content in essay or speech.
Tips for Essay
- There are different types of essays, like descriptive, explanatory, expository etc. Choose a format first then start writing. Each essay type comes with own format and language.
- Reverify dates and number you use in the essay.
- To be safer side, prefer 5 paragraph essay style. It is easy to structure essay that way. The first paragraph will have an introduction, in Next 3 paragraphs put your point and in final paragraph make a conclusion.
Tips for Speech
- Try to be energetic and passionate about speech delivery. Your speech should have emotions, up and downs, timely pauses which makes speech more lively and human.
- Do not mug up or read the script, that will make your speech monotonous and sound like machine/robot.
- If you are delivering a speech for the first time, try to have a smaller speech which you can manage. Try not to have unfamiliar, big words. You can convey the same message with common words.
- Practise your speech with friends, if no one is there to help recite it in front of the mirror.
- Be free, let your body posture, hands also talk.
- If you are regular at speech competition and have stage confidence then add good vocabulary.
- At last, remember in speeches emotions matters more than the length of words.
We would like request volunteers who help us to translate this post in Hindi, Marathi, Punjabi, Kannada, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam, Urdu, Bengali etc.
आप इस निबंध, भाषण का हिंदी अनुवाद यहाँ पढ़ सकते है – गणतंत्र दिवस, २६ जनवरी हिंदी भाषण, निबंध, पैराग्राफ
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