Skip to content

Standard Quality Assessment Criteria For Evaluating Primary Research Papers From A Variety Of Fields

Time (18 months, average)

The average systematic review requires 18 months of work. “…to find out about a healthcare intervention it is worth searching research literature thoroughly to see if the answer is already known. This may require considerable work over many months…” (Cochrane Collaboration)

Team Members (at minimum)

  • Content expert
  • 2 reviewers
  • 1 tie breaker
  • 1 statistician (meta-analysis)
  • *1 information professional (librarian trained in systematic reviews)

Searching (Your Data Collection)

What is searched depends on the topic of the review but should include:

  • At least 3 standard medical databases like PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, etc
  • At least 2 grey literature resources like, SIGLE, ProQuest Dissertations & Theses, etc

Citation Management System

You will need a citation management system like RefWorks or EndNote to deal with the large number of citations that you will be handling. RefWorks is licensed for U of C faculty, staff and students.  Endnote is available for purchase at a discount through the U of C MicroStore.

Full Text Articles

Your librarian is not the appropriate person to obtain the full text of articles. It is a fairly straight forward, though time consuming, task that we can show you or someone on your team how to do.

1. Dollman J, Norton K, Norton L. Evidence for secular trends in children’s physical activity behaviour. Br J Sports Med. 2005;39:892–7. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2004.016675.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

2. Telama R, Yang X, Viikari J, Valimaki I, Wanne O, Raitakari O. Physical activity from childhood to adulthood: a 21-year tracking study. Am J Prev Med. 2005;28:267–73. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.12.003.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

3. Ghekiere A, Van CJ, de Geus B, Clarys P, Cardon G, Salmon J, et al. Critical environmental factors for transportation cycling in children: a qualitative study using bike-along interviews. PLoS ONE. 2014;9:e106696. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0106696.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

4. Kremers SP, de Bruijn GJ, Visscher TL, van Mechelen W, de Vries NK, Brug J. Environmental influences on energy balance-related behaviors: a dual-process view. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2006;3:9. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-3-9.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

5. Van Cauwenberg J, De Bourdeaudhuij I, De Meester F, Van Dyck D, Salmon J, Clarys P, et al. Relationship between the physical environment and physical activity in older adults: A systematic review. Health Place. 2011;17:458–69. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.11.010.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

6. Owen N, Humpel N, Leslie E, Bauman A, Sallis JF. Understanding environmental influences on walking; Review and research agenda. Am J Prev Med. 2004;27:67–76. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.03.006.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

7. Saelens B, Sallis J, Frank L. Environmental correlates of walking and cycling: Findings from the transportation, urban design, and planning literatures. Ann Behav Med. 2003;25:80–91. doi: 10.1207/S15324796ABM2502_03.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

8. Van Holle V, Deforche B, Van Cauwenberg J, Goubert L, Maes L, Van de Weghe N, et al. Relationship between the physical environment and different domains of physical activity in European adults: a systematic review. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:807. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-807.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

9. Wendel-Vos W, Schuit AJ, Seidel JC. Implications of Policy Measures from the “Nota Wonen” Concerning Physical Inactivity in the Netherlands. Part of Health Effect Report “People Want Healthy Living”. Bilthoven: RIVM; 2002. pp. 29–36.

10. Carver A, Timperio A, Crawford D. Playing it safe: the influence of neighbourhood safety on children’s physical activity. A review. Health Place. 2008;14:217–27. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2007.06.004.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

11. Davison K, Lawson C. Do attributes in the physical environment influence children’s physical activity? A review of the literature. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2006;3:19. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-3-19.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

12. Ferreira I, van der Horst K, Wendel-Vos W, Kremers S, van Lenthe FJ, Brug J. Environmental correlates of physical activity in youth - a review and update. Obes Rev. 2007;8:129–54. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2006.00264.x.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

13. Ding D, Sallis JF, Kerr J, Lee S, Rosenberg DE. Neighborhood environment and physical activity among youth a review. Am J Prev Med. 2011;41:442–55. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2011.06.036.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

14. McGrath LJ, Hopkins WG, Hinckson EA. Associations of Objectively Measured Built-Environment Attributes with Youth Moderate-Vigorous Physical Activity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Med. 2015;45(6):841–65. doi: 10.1007/s40279-015-0301-3.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

15. de Vries SI, Hopman-Rock M, Bakker I, HiraSing RA, Van Mechelen W. Built environmental correlates of walking and cycling in Dutch urban children: results from the SPACE study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2010;7:2309–24. doi: 10.3390/ijerph7052309.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

16. Carson V, Kuhle S, Spence JC, Veugelers PJ. Parents’ perception of neighbourhood environment as a determinant of screen time, physical activity and active transport. Can J Public Health. 2010;101:124–7.[PubMed]

17. Carver A, Timperio AF, Crawford DA. Neighborhood road environments and physical activity among youth: the CLAN study. J Urban Health. 2008;85:532–44. doi: 10.1007/s11524-008-9284-9.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

18. Giles-Corti B, Timperio A, Bull F, Pikora T. Understanding physical activity environmental correlates: increased specificity for ecological models. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2005;33:175–81. doi: 10.1097/00003677-200510000-00005.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

19. Rodrigue JP, Comtois C, Slack B. The Geopgraphy of Transport Systems. 2. New York: Routledge; 2009.

20. Pucher J, Dijkstra L. Making Walking and Cycling Safer: Lessons from Europe. Transp Q. 2000;54.

21. Bassett DR, Jr, Pucher J, Buehler R, Thompson DL, Crouter SE. Walking, cycling, and obesity rates in Europe, North America, and Australia. J Phys Act Health. 2008;5:795–814.[PubMed]

22. Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, The PRISMA Group Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement. PLoS Med. 2009;6:e1000097. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000097.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

23. Rosenberg D, Ding D, Sallis JF, Kerr J, Norman GJ, Durant N, et al. Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth (NEWS-Y): reliability and relationship with physical activity. Prev Med. 2009;49:213–8. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.07.011.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

24. Spittaels H, Foster C, Oppert JM, Rutter H, Oja P, Sjostrom M, et al. Assessment of environmental correlates of physical activity: development of a European questionnaire. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2009;6:39. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-6-39.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

25. Pont K, Ziviani J, Wadley D, Bennett S, Abbott R. Environmental correlates of children’s active transportation: a systematic literature review. Health Place. 2009;15:827–40. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.02.002.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

26. Sallis JF, Prochaska JJ, Taylor WC. A review of correlates of physical activity of children and adolescents. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000;32:963–75. doi: 10.1097/00005768-200005000-00014.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

27. Kmet LM, Lee RC, Cook LS. Standard Quality Assessment Criteria for Evaluating Primary Research Papers From a Variety of Fields. 2004. Edmonton: Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research; 2011.

28. Pabayo RA, Gauvin L, Barnett TA, Morency P, Nikiema B, Seguin L. Understanding the determinants of active transportation to school among children: evidence of environmental injustice from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development. Health Place. 2012;18:163–71. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.08.017.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

29. Panter J, Corder K, Griffin SJ, Jones AP, van Sluijs EM. Individual, socio-cultural and environmental predictors of uptake and maintenance of active commuting in children: longitudinal results from the SPEEDY study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2013;10:83. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-83.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

30. Hume C, Timperio A, Salmon J, Carver A, Giles-Corti B, Crawford D. Walking and Cycling to School Predictors of Increases Among Children and Adolescents. Am J Prev Med. 2009;36:195–200. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2008.10.011.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

31. Carver A, Timperio A, Hesketh K, Crawford D. Are safety-related features of the road environment associated with smaller declines in physical activity among youth? J Urban Health. 2010;87:29–43. doi: 10.1007/s11524-009-9402-3.[PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

32. Braza M, Shoemaker W, Seeley A. Neighborhood design and rates of walking and biking to elementary school in 34 California communities. Am J Health Promot. 2004;19:128–36. doi: 10.4278/0890-1171-19.2.128.[PubMed][Cross Ref]

33. Chillon P, Hales D, Vaughn A, Gizlice Z, Ni A, Ward DS. A cross-sectional study of demographic, environmental and parental barriers to active school travel among children in the United States. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2014;11:61. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-11-61.[PMC free article][PubMed]