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Reessayer Definition Of Philosophy

1mass nounThe study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline.

  1. 1.1count nounA particular system of philosophical thought.
    ‘the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle’
    • ‘Whether correct or not, Kant's suggestion has provided the cornerstone of many subsequent philosophies of the self, from that of Schopenhauer to those of Husserl, Heidegger, and Wittgenstein.’
    • ‘Are Nietzsche and Heidegger the fathers of philosophies of existence partly because Germanic creates this semblance of physicality and there-ness?’
    • ‘The popularity of Jacques Derrida's philosophy among academics is hard to understand except as a symptom of decadence.’
    • ‘There certainly appears to be a tension between a mechanistic philosophy and a humanistic outlook.’
    • ‘At Jena, Hegel published a long pamphlet on the differences between the philosophies of Fichte and Schelling: in every case, in his opinion, Schelling's view was to be preferred.’
    • ‘The atheistic philosophies of Nietzsche and Heidegger declared that human authentication is not derived from God.’
    • ‘In his latest book Smith argues that science, along with its attendant philosophies of naturalism and materialism, has systematically eclipsed this big picture.’
    • ‘The naturalistic philosophies of the non-religious do not play the same kind of high profile role in political and civic life as do the supernaturalist ideas of their religious counterparts.’
    • ‘Compatibilist philosophies seek to reconcile free will and determinism in a modern time.’
    • ‘This is because traditional notions of determinism in positivist and empiricist philosophies of science produced the odd idea that causation in the human world is agent-less and is not a force.’
    • ‘Analytic philosophy did eventually develop social, ethical and political philosophies; albeit one's that turned away from the historical.’
    • ‘Both Nietzsche and Hegel recognize the need to work out their philosophies within, and in response, to culture.’
    • ‘He attacked or dismissed their metaphysical beliefs, and particularly the philosophies of history of Hegel and his successors.’
  2. 1.2The study of the theoretical basis of a particular branch of knowledge or experience.
    ‘the philosophy of science’
    • ‘The philosophy of natural right - the Founders' philosophy - rests on a single proposition: There is a universal human nature.’
    • ‘The philosophy of the Tao has a basic respect for the balance of nature.’
    • ‘The philosophy of India is inspiring and I read a lot of books on Hindu philosophy.’
    • ‘In spite of his lack of depth in the philosophy of science and epistemology, Noll is clearly a gifted historian and writer.’
    • ‘His writings on the philosophy of logic, philosophy of mathematics, and philosophy of language are of major importance.’
    • ‘It is common practice in historical studies of the philosophy of science to contrast the views of Mill and Whewell.’
    • ‘In the twentieth century, the epistemological framework that gained ascendancy within the philosophy of science is that of positivism.’
    • ‘The philosophy of the German Reform Movement evolved further at conferences held in Brunswick in 1844 and in Frankfurt in 1845.’
    • ‘The philosophy of individualism defined cheerfulness as the most beneficial of emotions since it served the self.’
    • ‘He has also done work in the philosophy of science and the philosophy of mathematics.’
    • ‘Professor Bradie has published numerous articles on the philosophy of science and epistemology.’
    • ‘You've talked a lot about how the philosophy of science, as a subject of academic study, would be much different if it were based on biology instead of physics.’
    • ‘This is a distinction central to the branch of the philosophy of social science known as epistemology (simply defined as the study of how we can claim to know something).’
    • ‘He introduced one of the most famous metaphors in the philosophy of science, the image of the watchmaker.’
    • ‘One explanation looks to the institutional and disciplinary history of theoretical physics and the philosophy of science.’
    • ‘A new generation of Iranian scholars has studied the philosophy of science and religion.’
    • ‘The philosophy of Islam has encouraged learning from others-their sciences, technology and skills.’
    • ‘The philosophy of science deals with philosophical issues that arise in connection with science.’
    • ‘In the academic practice of moral philosophy and the philosophy of science, Simplicio's voice has been hard to hear, but Toulmin wants to amplify it and insist on its pertinence.’
    • ‘Finally, the balance of power within the field has shifted from general philosophy of science to the philosophy of particular sciences.’
  • ‘Indeed, logic's relation to reality may be the fundamental question of philosophy.’
  • ‘It is important to note that we often have to look beyond academic philosophy to find the women who were influential social philosophers.’
  • ‘One of the fundamental tasks of philosophy has always been to determine what belongs to nature.’
  • ‘He still hopes to study the philosophy of cultures and ancient art.’
  • ‘If you want to really get into and informed discussion on philosophy and the nature of reality, then take some courses at college.’
  • ‘The philosophical claim of the end of philosophy as a discipline, with the end of ideology and history, has led to diverse reactions.’
  • ‘At its broadest, we might say that philosophy is concerned with knowledge of how things are the way they are.’
  • ‘Leaders of every academic discipline - politics, philosophy, economics, history, science and mathematics - have united to attack Marx.’
  • ‘Plato has a claim to be the first philosopher to establish philosophy as a subject.’
  • ‘He very likely engaged in some kind of inquiry about whether or not to begin the formal study of philosophy in the first place.’
  • ‘On the other hand, philosophy as discipline gets some of its ‘legitimacy’ from claiming to be a form of engagement with the world.’
  • ‘Socrates, after all, rejected everything in philosophy that could be thought of as academic.’
  • ‘Some of the fundamental problems of philosophy are no closer to being solved today than they were at the time of the Greeks: Why is there something rather than nothing?’
  • ‘Theology ‘is an academic discipline like philosophy, English literature or the classics,’ he said.’
  • ‘He is competent in diverse academic fields such as philosophy, metaphysics, Kalam, history and literature.’
  • ‘The nature of philosophy is itself a philosophical question.’
  • ‘Heidegger meant to tear up universal notions of reason to restore philosophy on the basis of a pre-reflective and more rooted ‘being-there’.’
  • ‘These connections were severed for a time when empirical psychology and speculative philosophy went their separate ways as academic disciplines.’
  • ‘Those who question the existence of African philosophy argue that philosophy is rooted in epistemology and metaphysics.’
  • ‘I really like philosophy, especially existentialism.’
  • There’s nothing inherently wrong with letting philosophical first principles dictate your position; Indeed, supporting whatever system helps kids learn more is also a subjective moral choice.

    —jonathan chait, Daily Intelligencer, "Obama’s Education Legacy Has Been Forgotten. Now He Has to Save It.,"27 Feb. 2018

  • Add to the mix Filipino folklore and philosophical debate.

    —susan faust, San Francisco Chronicle, "Roundup of children’s books,"24 Feb. 2018

  • My primary opposition to arming teachers is philosophical.

    —the editors, Marie Claire, "Armed and Academic? What 30 Teachers Think About Guns,"23 Feb. 2018

  • The show includes an elaborate board game, to encourage people to tell one another their stories, a computer game, and a clay-animation children’s program in which philosophical, big-lipped mushrooms and cute deer contemplate the end of the world.

    —thomas hine,, "Cary Leibowitz at the ICA: 'I feel sorry for Leona Helmsley',"21 Feb. 2018

  • The philosophical takeaway of having shot and edited the film in this way is obvious: Size and relationships are all a matter of perspective and philosophy, too.

    —boyd van hoeij, The Hollywood Reporter, "'My Brother's Name Is Robert and He's an Idiot' ('Mein Bruder Heisst Robert und Ist ein Idiot'): Film Review | Berlin 2018,"21 Feb. 2018

  • Why should the philosophical and aesthetic value of wild nature occasionally prevail over the corporate interests that see the landscape as opportunities for strip-mining and fracking?

    —ken layne,, "Celebrating 50 years of an unforgettable tale of the desert,"9 Feb. 2018

  • This is a subjective, even philosophical question, no doubt, but if posed mathematically it’s one that a computer can answer.

    —paul tullis, Town & Country, "Is AI the Future of Good Taste?,"6 Feb. 2018

  • The Schloss was a lark of his grandfather, Johannes Müller, a Protestant theologian and best-selling author of philosophical and spiritual treatises.

    —alex halberstadt, Smithsonian, "Why Winter Is the Perfect Time to Visit Bavaria,"24 Jan. 2018